Home Awareness The Talking Stick The Moccasin 3 CRPG

   The First Nations people in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) have served

Canada with distinction and courage since the earliest days. Their traditional

way of life—especially the scouting, hunting, and shooting skills that they

learn in the wilderness—equip them to become skilled soldiers.

   During the GreatWar of 1914–1918, Sergeant Francis Pegahmagabow, MM,

an Ojibway infantry soldier from Ontario, served as an expert sniper and scout.

He became Canada’s most highly decorated First Nations soldier and, for his

bravery, he earned the Military Medal with two bars.

   After World War II, during the 1950s and ’60s, the James Bay Rangers

formed in communities along James Bay. These satellite groups of the Canadian

Army patrolled the radar stations and surrounding areas in Northern Ontario.

They reported anything unusual to the Canadian Army.

  Today, the 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group (3 CRPG) in Ontario

maintains this tradition of military service. This group, a specialized reserve

component of the CAF, conducts search-and-rescue operations and keeps

communities safe in the most rugged areas of Northern Ontario.

  These Canadian Rangers are part-time reservists. They provide a military

presence that is respected, admired, and necessary. Their traditional aboriginal

knowledge, especially their survival skills, is an asset to our CAF. When large
scale military exercises are held in Northern Ontario, the Canadian Rangers

train regular and reserve soldiers.

  The 3 CRPG is one of five Canadian Ranger Patrol Groups in Canada. Each

group patrols a specified area set out by the CAF, and the Canadian Army, a

branch of the CAF, manages them. In the 3 CRPG, 98.4% of the members

come from First Nations.

  The members of the 3 CRPG also teach wilderness survival and military skills

to young people aged 12 to 18 in the Junior Canadian Rangers. The Canadian

Rangers provide exceptional  role models for these young people and other members of their communities.

Sergeant
Francis Pegahmagabow, MM

Home Awareness The Talking Stick The Moccasin 3 CRPG